Bridging the gap between science and decision making

The Waste-to-Energy Research and Technology Council (WtERT) is an international top-tier-technical group that brings together engineers, scientists, and managers from industry, universites and government with the objective of advancing the goals of sustainable waste management on a global scale.

Dedicated Teams

Members of the Global WtERT Council include universities and research institutions from over 30 countries around the world and recognized as one of the world’s foremost research centers on sustainable waste management

Academic & Industry Partners

WtERT brings together academia and managers from industry to advance sustainable waste management.

Global Know-how

Since 1997, Our team has studied all existing methods for managing post-recycling urban wastes around the world.

Focus On Innovation & Research

In the last decade, GWC has published over one hundred papers and theses on many aspects of sustainable energy and sustainable waste management


WtERT Hierarchy of Waste Management

It is a graphical way of showing the priorities for managing solid wastes. The first priority is to avoid the generation of wastes (e.g., reduced consumption of goods, less packaging) followed by recycling (paper, metals, plastics) and composting of source-separated organic wastes, followed by combustion with energy recovery (“waste-to-energy”), and finally landfilling. However, not all landfills are the same. Modern “sanitary” landfills require a serious investment and effort to protect surface and ground water and to collect landfill gas (LFG) and use it to generate energy. Therefore, the expanded hierarchy of waste management differentiates between better and worse types of landfills as illustrated below.


Resource recovery From Municipal Solid Waste

Resource recovery from waste can be done using technologies such as anaerobic digestion, gasification, and combustion with energy recovery. The choice of technology is based on the quality and quantity of the waste.

Waste to Energy (WTE)

Waste to energy (WTE) power plants, such as the one shown above, use as fuel municipal solid wastes (MSW) to generate electricity or provide district or industrial heating. Metals and minerals are recovered from the WTE ash. There are over one thousand WTE plants worldwide fueled by three hundred million tons of wastes.

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is the process of converting waste into a gaseous fuel (called syngas) by exposure to high temperatures in the presence of oxygen or steam.

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Solid Recovered Fuel

Wastes can be separated to recyclable and combustible materials. The latter are called refuse derived fuel (RDF), combusted in WTE power plants, and solid recovered fuel (SRF), used in cement kilns.

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High heating value wastes, such as plastics, rubber, etc. are thermally decomposed, in the absence of oxygen, to form liquid fuels.

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How Waste-to-Energy Works?

A Waste-to-Energy plant converts solid waste into electricity and/or heat – an ecological, cost-effective way of energy recovery.
Take a look of several videos description!

Metro Vancouver’s WtE Facility

How solid waste is treated in Quebec City

Learn How Trash Turns Into Renewable Energy


An overview of the current Waste-to-Energy Operational facilities

Québec City Waste-to-Energy

Québec City/ Québec, Canada

Durham York Energy Centre

Courtice/ Ontario, Canada

Covanta Burnaby

Burnaby/ British Columbia, Canada

PEI Energy Systems

Charlottetown/ Prince Edward Island, Canada

Lévis Waste-to-Energy

Lévis/ Quebec, Canada


Our Research Process

Reasearch & Analysis

We running situation with professionalism and expertise, and in identifying strongly with their outcome. This sense of responsibility means we always strive to add value.

Creative Solutions

Our approach is distinctly innovative. We constantly seek new ways to resolve environmental hazard in waste. We also look to get the most out of advances in digitalisation.


We specially select teams for every project, to ensure each event gets the attention of the people who have the most relevant technical skills, languages and knowledge.

Project Launch

We running projects with professionalism and expertise, and in identifying strongly with their outcome. This sense of responsibility means we always strive to add value.


WtERT Partner Organizations

Below you will find all the national members of WtERT. Some countries may be represented by more than one universities or other research institutions. Some member organizations are under development.


What Our Experts Are Saying

Check out the volume “Recovery of Materials and Energy from Urban Wastes, from Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology (2e) series, edited by Nickolas J. Themelis & A.C. (Thanos) Bourtsalas.

The book provides a comprehensive overview of the interdisciplinary field of sustainability as it applies to engineering and methods for implementation of sustainable practices. Edited by Catherine Mulligan

The Guidebook for the Application of Waste to Energy Technologies in Latin America and the Caribbean, a new Earth Engineering Center major contribution to the WTE literature, was sponsored by InterAmerican Development Bank.

Research review published by Prof. Marco Castaldi updates resources for the waste industry, policymakers, as well residents, and highlights the importance of waste-to-energy to reduce greenhouse gases and complement recycling.

SOFOS Contains numerous publications and dissertations regarding advancing Sustainable Waste Management.